Central to the ecosystem concept is the idea that living organisms interact with every other element in their local environment. Eugene Odum, a founder of ecology, stated: "Any unit that includes all of the organisms (ie: the "community") in a given area interacting with the physical environment so that a flow of energy leads to clearly defined trophic structure, biotic diversity, and material cycles (ie: exchange of materials between living and nonliving parts) within the system is an ecosystem." The human ecosystem concept is then grounded in the deconstruction of the human/nature dichotomy and the premise that all species are ecologically integrated with each other, as well as with the abiotic constituents of their biotope.
Sayang engkau tak duduk disampingku kawan
Banyak cerita yang mestinya kau saksikan
Di tanah kering bebatuan
Ho ho ho ho
Tubuhku tergoncang dihempas batu jalanan
Hati tergetar menampak kering rerumputan
Perjalanan ini pun seperti jadi saksi
Gembala kecil menangis sedih
Kawan coba dengar apa jawabnya
Ketika ia kutanya mengapa
Bapak ibunya telah lama mati
Ditelan bencana tanah ini
Sesampainya di laut
Tetapi semua diam
Tetapi semua bisu
Tinggal aku sendiri
Terpaku menatap langit...
Barangkali di sana ada jawabnya
Mengapa di tanahku terjadi bencana
Mungkin Tuhan mulai bosan
Melihat tingkah kita
Yang selalu salah dan bangga
Atau alam mulai enggan
Bersahabat dengan kita
Coba kita bertanya pada
Rumput yang bergoyang
Ho ho ho ho
The latitudes 10° north and south of the Equator are mostly covered in tropical rainforest and the latitudes between 53°N and 67°N with boreal forest.
A river is a component of the hydrological cycle. The water within a river is generally collected from precipitation through surface runoff, groundwater recharge, springs, [as seen at baseflow conditions / during periods of lack of precipitation] and release of stored water in natural ice and snowpacks, such as at melting glacier.
Logging method :
- Tree-length logging
Trees are felled and then delimbed and topped at the stump. The log is then transported to the landing, where it is bucked and loaded on a truck. This leaves the slash (and the nutrients it contains) in the cut area where it must be further treated if wildland fires are of concern.
- Full-tree logging
Trees are felled and transported to the roadside with top and limbs intact. The trees are then delimbed, topped, and bucked at the landing. This method requires that slash be treated at the landing. In areas with access to cogeneration facilities, the slash can be chipped and used for the production of clean electricity or heat. Full-tree harvesting also refers to utilization of the entire tree including branches and tops.  This technique removes both nutrients and soil cover from the site and so can be harmful to the long term health of the area if no further action is taken, however, depending on the species, many of the limbs are often broken off in handling so the end result may not be as different from tree-length logging as it might seem.
- Cut-to-length logging
Big trees are felled, delimbed, bucked, and sorted (pulpwood, sawlog, etc.) at the stump area, leaving limbs and tops in the forest. Harvesters fell the tree, delimb and buck it, and place the resulting logs in bunks to be brought to the landing by the forwarder. This method is usable for smaller timber on ground flat enough that forwarders can operate, but does not work well on steep slopes.
A rainforest is often referred to as a jungle, which is a Hindi word from India meaning a wilderness. A true jungle is a thick tangle of vegetation, through which people have to force and cut their way. Rainforests contain patches of jungle, but mainly they are more open. The forest floor is covered with rotting leaves. Rainforest trees are very tall broadleaved evergreens. The tallest trees have buttress roots, wing-like growths that spread out from the base of the trunk to act as props, while others have stilt roots which grow down from the trunk or branches, often in graceful arches. All the trees carry their branches and leaves at the top of long slender trunks, forming a huge umbrella-like green canopy. The dense canopy filters much of the daylight, leaving a shady green world beneath it.
The rainforests contain more different species of plants and animals than any other part of the world – even more than the oceans that cover nearly three-quarters of the earth. A forest in the tropics has between five and twenty times as many species of trees as one in the temperate zone of North America or Europe, but there are relatively few of each species. Rainforests provide a home for many of the world's most fascinating animals.
The rainforests are a vast storehouse of substances potentially useful to humans. We already owe many of our foods and medicines to them, as well as much of our timber. Sadly, having survived virtually unchanged for millions of years, these precious rainforests are now being destroyed at an alarming rate.
retrive from http://library.thinkquest.org/26634/forest/intro.htm
This remote area of Perak was once the battlefield between the Malaysian security forces and the communist bandits. Known as the Bamboo Trail, an infiltration route for the communist terrorists into Malaysia, the trail passes through secondary forest, bamboo forest and lowland primary jungles.
Virtually untouched by mankind and with the lifting of the curfew in 1991, Belum is slowly exposing it's well kept secrets to the outside world. This last frontier of Malaysia beckons the adventurous to its everlasting charm.
The main activity available is trekking and fishing as the area is part of the Temenggor Dam or also known as Banding Lake.
Excerpted from http://www.impression.com.my/Belum/Belum.htm
Bumi yang tiada rimba
Dia dicemar manusia
Yang jahil ketawa
Bumi yang tiada udara
Bagai tiada nyawa
Pasti hilang suatu hari
Bumi tanpa lautan
Pasti lambat laun hilang
Duniaku yang malang
*Dewasa ini kita saling merayakan
Kejayaan yang akhirnya membinasakan
Apalah gunanya kematangan fikiran
Bila dijiwa kita masih lagi muda dan mentah
Ku lihat hijau
Tok leh meghaso mandi laok
Bersaing main ghama-ghama
Ale lo ni tuo umornyo berjuto
Kito usoho jauh ke daghi mala petako
Ozon lo ni koho nipih nak nak aghi
Keno make asak hok biso, weh
Seghemo bendo-bendo di dunio
Tok leh tehe
Bumiku yang kian pudar
Siapa yang melihat
Di kala kita tersedar
Korupsi, oppressi, obsessi diri
Polussi, depressi di bumi kini
Tanah Aina is privately owned by Puan Sri Shariffa Sabrina Syed Akil. Besides 8 Acres, she also owned another 2 places named as 12 Acres and Lentang. Actually, Puan Sri Sabrina bought these lands in her own efforts to preserve the forest that is still untouched within millions of years.
After finishing our exploration at 8 Acres in about 4 hours, we packed up our things and continued our trip to 12 Acres. We had our lunch and breaks there. At the same time, we had done some photography session within the 12 Acres area. This place is actually an orchard that is full with durian trees and others. We also had been treated with durian fruits and it is really delicious!